Photography On A Theme
A third exhibition (see below for the first two) I visited in Dubrovnik was at the city’s Museum of Modern Art (http://ugdubrovnik.hr/en/?file=home) where fifteen Croatian photographers* had work displayed on the theme of Emptiness. At the entrance there was a quotation from the Tao Te Ching: “He who reveals himself does not shine.” It wasn’t clear whether that quotation had been part of the theme but it set a tricky tone for this viewer certainly. Since, by its nature, photography depicts things, how can it go about revealing nothingness? Most of the photographers had taken the stance that emptiness is an absence: dark prints revealing little; empty factories and disused offices; the absence of humans; fields; and so on. These were all accomplished and confident works which held their own on the gallery wall and repaid study. Yet, on reflection, they seemed to me not to have grasped the nettle. Why is the static and unused more empty than the moving and used? The one series that did seem to have something to say about that was O Njoj (About Her) by Jelena Blagovic (which you can see here). These were photographs of her mother’s home which made a very effective use of light and simplicity to create what Jelena called a “mnemonic landscape”. This was the use, I felt, of something to suggest nothing. There was both presence and absence as we see in the two photos above and below.
(Both photos courtesy of Jelena Blagovic from the series About Her/O Njoj)
Let us remind ourselves (since the curator had made use of Eastern philosophy) that the Sanskrit word for emptiness is shunyata. It was once explained to me that the root of this word (shunya) was the Indian mathematical term for ‘zero’. And the circle that represents zero is significant because it is a line around a central nothingness – it represents therefore both nothing and also everything. This was an idea that I felt was hovering over Jelena’s series.
I often ask myself, when I have been looking at sets of photographs on a certain theme, whether, had I not known the theme in advance, I would have been able to guess it from the pictures. Often I have to accept that I would not. The theme is more a riff than an organising principle. In this case, however, the theme came through pretty clearly and that was a mark of the quality of both photography and curation in this exhibition.
(*The fifteen photographers: Jelena Blagović, Boris Cvjetanović, Petar Dabac, Sandro Đukić, Marko Ercegović, Davor Konjikušić, Igor Kuduz, Antun Maračić, Ana Opalić, Marina Paulenka, Jasenko Rasol, Davor Sanvincenti, Sofija Silvia, Sandra Vitaljić and Borko Vukosav. You can see more contemporary Croatian photography including some of these fifteen here )